Sources


Household Accounts and Disbursement Books of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester 1558-1561, 1584-1586 (edited by Simon Adams, 1995)


Herōologia Anglica, hoc est clarissimorvm et doctissimorvm aliqovt [sic] Anglorvm qvi florvervnt ab anno Cristi M.D. vsq’ ad presentem annvm M.D.C.XX viuae effigies vitae et elogia (by Henry Holland, 1620)

‘An account of English Heroes, i.e. Some of the Most Famous and Learned Englishmen Who Were of High Repute from AD 1500 until the present 1620, their living likenesses, lives and praises in two volumes’

Translation reads as follows:

Thomas Holland, born in Shropshire within the borders of Wales, followed the study of literature at Oxford in Exeter College (I number this with the above-mentioned famous men on account of the relationship of name [reputation?] for learning and on account of other gifts of the mind) where, having undertaken the lower positions, achieved the very summit as a Doctor, and having taught theology for many years in the aforementioned college, he was made Rector, and finally on account of his extraordinary learning, knowledge and piety, by common vote he was elected Regius Professor of Theology or ‘Doctor Cathedrae’ [lit. ‘Teacher of the Chair’], succeeding Laurence Humphrey. He held this position for many years, to the acclaim of all outside and inside the academy.

How exceptionally learned although truly religious he was shines forth from his various and learned debates, which even now are in common use [? – teruntur] in the hands of certain men, but that they are still to be printed is a disgrace [?]

And (as a certain learned man testifies about him in a published [?] funeral oration), he was a second Apollos, powerful in the Scriptures, and just as familiar with the Church Fathers as if he was himself a Father and with the Scholastics as if he was the Seraphic Doctor, from his own mouth just as from the Oracle, whatever doubts were solved; for that reason the one who was designated ‘Doctor Cathedrae’ was very worthy; he held the Chair for around 20 years, with great applause and approval, I would almost say, admiration.

How many shining stars of our church came out of his school? He was truly (as Gregory Nazianzen said by way of comparison about his own father) an Abraham, the father of many sons, by educational creation of course, to the highest level of learning; and although I may omit the names of many reverend bishops who on this basis were his sons, I cannot however pass over in silence two pillars of our church, the Most Reverend and Esteemed Fathers George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury, and John King, Bishop of London. And as many things must be expressed in a few words [?], he was not only a herald of the truth but a doer of the truth, a diligent teacher of true doctrine, a zealous defender of religion, a great hater of idolatry, superstition and depraved religion, which he showed more fully to the fellows of his college whenever he undertook some journey, saying goodbye to them with this words: ‘I commit you to the love of God and the hatred of the Papacy and superstition.’ But just as he was a vigorous contender for religion, in his conduct he was the model of piety and honesty, which was evident especially towards the end of his life, for all the time that he lay sick, he was absorbed in holy prayers and devout meditations, indeed he seemed to pour out his soul to God, panting out (since panting is shorter in itself [?]) these and similar words, “Come, O come Lord Jesus, Star of the Morning, I desire to die and be with you”; and when he said this, he gave his soul back to God, leaving this life for a better one. He died and was buried in Oxford, honourably indeed according to the custom of the Schools, in March 1612. He was aged about 73.


The Translators Revived: A Biographical Memoir of the Authors of the English Version of the Holy Bible (Alexander Wilson McClure, 1853)

https://archive.org/details/translatorsreviv00mclu/page/134

Athenae Oxonienses, Volume 2: an exact history of all the writers and bishops who have had their education in the University of Oxford : to which are added the Fasti, or Annals of the said University (by Anthony A Wood, , edited by Philip Bliss, 1815)

https://archive.org/details/athenaeoxoniense02wooduoft/page/59
https://archive.org/details/athenaeoxoniense03wooduoft/page/n423

Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 27 (edited by Sidney Lee, 1891)

https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Page%3ADictionary_of_National_Biography_volume_27.djvu/164

https://archive.org/details/dictionarynatio25stepgoog/page/n178

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (edited by J. Andreas Löwe, 2009)

http://www.oxforddnb.com/abstract/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-13546?rskey=PmfKyE&result=4

The Register of Admissions to Gray’s Inn, 1521-1889 (by Joseph Foster, 1889)

https://archive.org/details/registerofadmiss00gray/page/122

The court and times of James the First, Volume 1 (by Thomas Birch, edited by Robert Folkstone Williams, 1848)

https://archive.org/details/courttimesofjame01bircuoft/page/164

The Reformation of the Church of England: A.D. 1547-1662 (by John Henry Blunt, 1882)

https://archive.org/details/reformationchur07blungoog/page/n489

The Church History of Britain, Volume 3 (by Thomas Fuller, 1837)

https://archive.org/details/churchhistorybr00fullgoog/page/n252

Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of Oxford, 1500-1714, Volume 2 (by Joseph Foster, 1891)

https://archive.org/details/alumnioxoniensi00oxfogoog/page/n324

Registrum Collegii Exoniensis (by Rev. Charles William Boase, 1894)

https://archive.org/details/b24879277/page/n107
https://archive.org/details/b24879277/page/n113
https://archive.org/details/b24879277/page/n135
https://archive.org/details/b24879277/page/n185
https://archive.org/details/registrumcollegi00exetrich/page/82
https://archive.org/details/b24879277/page/198
https://archive.org/details/b24879277/page/312

Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, 4th Series, Volume V/Volume 38 (1915)

https://archive.org/details/transactionsofsh45shro/page/n203
Dr Thomas Holland’s cousin, Thomas Holland

Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury, Volume 11 (by Walter Farquhar Hook, 1875)

https://archive.org/details/a587901711hookuoft/page/8

The English Bible, Volume 2 (by John Eadie, 1876)

https://archive.org/details/cu31924092342934/page/n199
https://archive.org/details/cu31924092342934/page/n201

Register of the University of Oxford, Volume 2, Part 1 (by Andrew Clarke, 1887)

https://archive.org/details/pt1registerofuni02univuoft/page/132
https://archive.org/details/pt1registerofuni02univuoft/page/230
https://archive.org/details/pt1registerofuni02univuoft/page/398

The History and Antiquities of the Colleges and Halls in University of Oxford (by Anthony A Wood, edited by John Gutch, 1786)


The History and Antiquities of the University of Oxford, 1st Volume (by Anthony A Wood, edited by John Gutch, 1792)


The History and Antiquities of the University of Oxford, 2nd Volume (by Anthony A Wood, edited by John Gutch, 1796)

https://archive.org/details/b28770626_0002/page/282
https://archive.org/details/b28770626_0002/page/286

The History and Antiquities of the University of Oxford, 2nd Volume, part 2 (by Anthony A Wood, edited by John Gutch, 1796)

https://archive.org/details/b28770626_0003/page/606
https://archive.org/details/b28770626_0003/page/844
https://archive.org/details/b28770626_0003/page/954

Isaac Casaubon, 1559-1614 (by Mark Pattison, 1892)


A General View of the History of the English Bible (by Brooke Foss Westcott, edited by William Aldis Wright, 1905)

https://archive.org/details/ageneralviewhis00wriggoog/page/n136
https://archive.org/details/ageneralviewhis00wriggoog/page/n370

The Life and Times of Anthony Wood, antiquary, of Oxford, 1632-1695, described by Himself (collated by Andrew Clark, 1891)

https://archive.org/details/lifetimesofantho01wooduoft/page/426

The Progresses and Public Processions of Queen Elizabeth , Volume 3 (by John Nichols, 1823)

https://archive.org/details/progressespublic03nichuoft/page/154
https://archive.org/details/progressespublic03nichuoft/page/158

The Progresses, Processions, and Magnificent Festivities, of King James the First, His Royal Consort, Family, and Court, Volume 1 (by John Nichols, 1828)

https://archive.org/details/progressesproce01nichgoog/page/n620
https://archive.org/details/progressesproce01nichgoog/page/n636
https://archive.org/details/progressesproce01nichgoog/page/n648

The Learned Men (by Gustavus S. Paine, 1834)

https://archive.org/details/learnedmen009479mbp/page/n61
https://archive.org/details/learnedmen009479mbp/page/n105
https://archive.org/details/learnedmen009479mbp/page/n173
https://archive.org/details/learnedmen009479mbp/page/n203
https://archive.org/details/learnedmen009479mbp/page/n219

Diary of John Manningham of the Middle Temple, and of the Bradbourne, Kent, Barrister-At-Law, 1602-1603 (edited by John Bruce and presented by William Tite, 1868)

https://archive.org/details/diaryofjohnmanni00mannrich/page/xvi
https://archive.org/details/diaryofjohnmanni00mannrich/page/86
https://archive.org/details/diaryofjohnmanni00mannrich/page/138

The Lancashire Hollands (by Bernard Henry Holland, 1917)

* Whilst I am grateful for the historical information contained and the references made to other source documents, I believed Mr Bernard Holland’s interpretations to be highly affected by his lack of objectivity.

* The claim that, “…he left no great works behind him…” seems to be ignorant of the work Thomas was employed in towards the end of his life; namely that of the 1611 King James Bible, which is regarded as one of the greatest works in the English Language.

** Amy Dudley (née Robsart), wife of Robert Dudley, died in 1560. Thomas entered into Robert’s employ in 1585, until Dudley’s death in 1588. Thomas’ “opportunities” as a chaplain were few in comparison to 50 year impact of Robert’s life before employing Thomas.


The Early Oxford Press: A Bibliography of the Printing and Publishing at Oxford ‘1468’-1640 (by Falconer Madan, 1895)

https://archive.org/details/earlyoxfordpress00madarich/page/44
https://archive.org/details/earlyoxfordpress00madarich/page/46
https://archive.org/details/earlyoxfordpress00madarich/page/48
https://archive.org/details/earlyoxfordpress00madarich/page/48
https://archive.org/details/earlyoxfordpress00madarich/page/68
https://archive.org/details/earlyoxfordpress00madarich/page/90
https://archive.org/details/earlyoxfordpress00madarich/page/146
https://archive.org/details/earlyoxfordpress00madarich/page/216